Bruno Fagali Talks About Corruption Perception Research

Bruno Fagali and his colleague, Lucas Pedrosco recently took a look at how the corruption perception index is determined. More specifically, they looked at the research and methodology used to arrive at country’s corruption perception index in government and business.

The first thing to take note of right off the bat is that the corruption perceptions index is just that. It is only the perception of corruption says Mr. Fagali. The index is not a measure of the actual corruption that occurs in a country’s public sector or private sector. It is only a measure of how corrupt people perceive their government officials and businessmen to be.

The methodology used to arrive at the corruption perception index varies from country to country according to Bruno Fagali. Some countries have research on the level of perceived corruption done by 9 or 10 different organizations. These organizations can include journal or magazine publications, academic institutions such as universities and surveyors.

Bruno points out that each organization has their own method of arriving at the level of perceived corruption in a country. These means that there is no commonality in how the results were obtained. Thus, it can be said that the results are not as comparable to each other based on the different methodologies or research used by the various organizations. The Brazilian attorney also pointed out that each country studied must have had at least three different institutions conduct research on the level of perceived corruption. Most nations had much more than that number, however.

Another critical subject to note is that the level of perception can often be out of sync with the actual level of corruption. In Brazil, for example, the level of perceived corruption has risen substantially. This does not mean that corruption is getting worse. Instead, the high profile corruption cases in Operation Car Wash is bringing to light a lot of past corruption.

The public is now witnessing many media reports and lawsuits involving public officials. This probably explains why there is a higher perceived level of corruption in Brazil right now than before. Corruption is probably lower in Brazil right now, but the perception is higher due to lots of media reports on corruption right now.

Bruno Fagali is a Brazilian attorney who specializes in compliance, ethics, and regulations in both the public and private sphere. He recently created his own law firm. His alma mater is the Pontifical Catholic University Of São Paulo, where he studied general law as well as administrative law.

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Sujit Choudhry Comparative Constitutional Law Approach

The approach that Sujit Choudhry takes when looking at comparative constitutional law is generally accepted as something that he can do to make things better for the world. Since he is at the head of most things that are related to the law and he does what he can to change things for people, he wants to show others the way that they can look at comparative constitutional law. He also wants to make sure that people are aware of all of the things that they can do when they are looking at laws. Because of this, Sujit Choudhry knows what he can do and also knows that things are going to be able to work out for the communities that need to have someone there to make things better for them. He has done everything that he can to help people make the constitutions that they need and amend them in the best way possible. Check this relevant law blog about Sujit on

While there are many people who are concerned about the constitution in the United States right now, Sujit Choudhry is not concerned about it. He wants to make sure that people know what they need to do and know their rights under the laws. For his latest tweets, follow him on  He has done everything that he can to make things better for people who are in different situations and who know what they can do to make things better in their country. He knows that every country needs to have a constitution but he does not believe that they should all be like the one in the United States. For more insight from Sujit, hit this.

When Sujit Choudhry is teaching his Berkeley students about comparative constitutional law, he does what he can to show them what they need to do to make things better in their lives. He also wants to make sure that people have a clear understanding of what the law is like and what they can get out of the law. Because of this, Sujit Choudhry has created a learning style that is unique to him and is something that people can benefit from when they are taking the class that he has set up.  To read views from Sujit, click this recently written article of Sujit on

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Sujit Choudhry is one of the people who have made great contributions towards comparative law. He has travelled far and wide to make sure that the constitution used is fit for the people. He has changed the old traditional use of constitution and adopted a new one which fights for the rights of everyone. International Law in every given country is different in nature because of the ideologies they have. As such, comparative law seeks to find a middle ground in spite of all the differences. It has played a big role in enabling countries to adopt the democratic politics. Moreover, the law has brought sanity back to most of the countries which were ruled by people who only thought of their selfish interest. Sujit believes that comparative law is a powerful tool for enhancing international peace.  Based on



According to,  comprehensive study of comparative law has enabled Sujit to not only understand it better but also use it to assist people at various levels. For example, he was part of the Governing Toronto Advisory Panel, a group that spearheaded many reforms in the Toronto municipal government. He has also published many books, articles and papers about comparative law. His books are used by students all over the world and practitioners of comparative law. He is the founder of Center for Constitutional Transitions; a center that seeks to build comparative constitutional law.



Sujit Choudhry is a holder of three law degrees from Harvard, Oxford and Toronto. He has worked as a law expert in various countries such as Libya, Egypt and Jordan. Through his career he has been recognized by many organizations through various awards. He was among the four Canadians rewarded with the award of the Trudeau Fellowship.  Sujit Choudhry is currently a professor of comparative law at Berkeley Law School where he not only teaches but also mentors students to be advocates of comparative law. He serves on the board of Legal Aid Ontario. He also serves in the United Nations Mediation Roaster and is a consultant to the World Bank. He is very compassionate of the work he does and feels proud of his achievements and the people he has helped so far.

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